07-10-2013 09:22 AM - edited 06-23-2017 04:24 AM
Polycom phones have the ability to utilize VLAN's
For a more detailed information about the network please check => here <=
An extract from the UCS 4.0.1 Admin Guide page 366:
To assign a VLAN ID to a phone using DHCP:
In the DHCP menu of the Main setup menu, set VLAN Discovery to Fixed or Custom.
• When set to Fixed, the phone will examine DHCP options 128,144, 157 and 191 (in that order) for a valid DVD string.
• When set to Custom, a value set in the VLAN ID Option will be examined for a valid DVD string.
DVD string in the DHCP option must meet the following conditions to be valid:
• Must start with “VLAN-A=” (case-sensitive)
• Must contain at least one valid ID
• VLAN IDs range from 0 to 4095
• Each VLAN ID must be separated by a “+” character
• The string must be terminated by a semi colon “;”
• All characters after the semi colon “;” will be ignored
• There must be no white space before the semi colon “;”
• VLAN IDs may be decimal, hex, or octal
The following DVD strings will result in the phone using VLAN 10:
The Phone would as a factory setting utilize a fixed VLAN discovery
Step 1 Setting the VLAN Option via DHCP
Below example is from a Windows 2003 Server
Setting a predefined option:
Above Example shows how one of the predefined Polycom options 144 is added to the DHCP server.
The above example shows how the newly created predefined option is assigned to the scope with the data entry value as suggested in the admin guide.
VLAN 111 should be assigned via DHCP once the phone queries the Options.
Phone Factory Default:
A wireshark trace shows the Phone (factory default) sending in its DHCP Discovery
Option 55 queries 128, 144, 157 and 191 and the first Value will be used to set the VLAN ID.
VLAN Discovery Custom:
If the VLAN Discovery Menu has been set to Custom the phone will only query 129 within Option 55:
VLAN Discovery disabled:
If VLAN discovery is deactivated or CDP/LLDP is discovered the Phone will not query any pre-defined options:
Step 2 Setting/Changing VLAN Options on the phone
Above example screen capture from a VVX500 shows the VLAN menu on a VVX500 within the Ethernet settings.
The same can be done using the Web Interface (UC Software 4.0.0 or later)
Manual assignement of a VLAN via Configuration
Via your Provisioning Server you can provision VLAN settings via the device.set parameters.
<vlan device.set="1" device.dhcp.dhcpVlanDiscUseOpt.set="1" device.dhcp.dhcpVlanDiscUseOpt="Custom"
device.dhcp.dhcpVlanDiscOpt.set="1" device.dhcp.dhcpVlanDiscOpt="222" />
Above example would set the DHCP VLAN Discovery to custom and to the custom value of 222.
<vlan device.set="1"device.dhcp.dhcpVlanDiscUseOpt.set="1" device.dhcp.dhcpVlanDiscUseOpt="Disabled" device.net.vlanId.set="1" device.net.vlanId="111"/>
Above example would set the DHCP VLAN Discovery to disabled and and set a fixed VLAN ID of 111.
Note: Please consult your Admin Guide for further details on the above!
The Phone sends in its initial DHCP Discover an request for Option 55 with the pre-defined sub Options:
DHCP Server answering the DHCP Discover (Option 55 as factory default) with a DHCP Offer containing an Option 128 for VLAN 111.
<logging log.level.change.cfg="3" />
Results in this:
000015.486|cfg |3|3014|RT|DHCP VLAN Discovery obtained VLAN list (VLAN-A=111;) 000015.486|cfg |3|3014|RT|DHCP VLAN Discovery released initial DHCP lease. 000015.486|cfg |3|3014|RT|Setting 802.1Q VLAN Id from LLDP/CDP. 000015.486|cfg |3|3014|RT|Enabling 802.1Q tagging, VLAN Id = 111
<logging log.level.change.cfg="3" log.level.change.dhcpc="3" />
Should show in the logs:
000023.054|dhcpc|3|00|dhcListener: Read succeeds: eth0 option: o-128 VLAN-A=111;. 000023.080|dhcpc|3|00|dhcListener: Read succeeds: eth0 state: BOUND. 000023.083|cfg |3|00|RT|DHCP CfgRtMsgDhcpUp is received. 000023.084|cfg |3|00|RT|DHCP VLAN Discovery obtained VLAN list (VLAN-A=111;) .... .... 000024.826|dhcpc|3|00|dhcListener: Read succeeds: eth0.111 state: PREINIT
The Phone would then release the DHCP IP from the native VLAN via a DHCP Release
And send a new DHCP Discover in the new VLAN 111
Depending on the Network card and operating system a registry change may be required to see tagged vlan packets as explained => here <=